Daily - Addendum


For the purposes of further clarification, I want to more specifically address the issue of the meaning of the word translated “daily” in the Old Testament. This word is “Tamid” in the original Hebrew. As Uriah Smith points out in his book, Daniel and Revelation, this word occurs one hundred and two times, and “in the great majority of instances it is rendered ‘continual’ or ‘continually.’” D&R p. 164. Smith then correctly points out that the word “sacrifice” is supplied by the translators, and is not in the original Hebrew text. Then he proceeds to state:

“They evidently entertained an erroneous view, the sacrifices of the Jews not being referred to at all. But it appears to be more in accordance with both the construction and the context to suppose that the word ‘daily’ refers to a desolating power, like the ‘transgression of desolation,’ with which it is connected. Then we have two desolating powers, which for a long period oppress, or desolated, the church. Literally, the text may be rendered, ‘How long shall be the vision [concerning] the continuance and the transgression of desolation?’–– the word ‘desolation,’ as though it were expressed in full thus: ‘The continuance of desolation and the transgression of desolation.’
“By the ‘continuance of desolation,’ or the perpetual desolation, we understand that paganism, through all its history, is meant.” pp. 164, 5.

It seems to me that Mr. Smith has unwittingly done a great disservice to the meaning of the word ‘daily’ in these passages, putting in his own suppositions, and henceforth acting on the basis of his conclusions. It is true that the 2300 day/year prophecy is not referring to the cleansing or restoring of the Jewish sacrificial system, for it was destroyed in 70 A.D. But Scripture makes it clear that the earthly Sanctuary foreshadowed and gave way to the priestly work of Christ in the heavenly Sanctuary, so the meaning of ‘daily’ must be seen in the light of that transfer when Jesus ascended to heaven and began His ministry there. (See Acts 7:44-56.)

Where is the Scriptural foundation for the use of the word “daily,” or “continual” to refer to a desolating power? From my personal study, I find overwhelming evidence that “Tamid” is generally referring to the earthly Sanctuary services set up by God for His people. This is probably the reason the Bible translators supplied the word “sacrifice.” Here are a few examples from the Strong’s Concordance (italics mine where “Tamid” is used):

Num. 4:16 – the daily meat offering
Num. 29:6 – “Beside the burnt offering…and his meat offering, and the daily burnt offering…for a sweet savour, a sacrifice made by fire unto the LORD.”
Ex. 29:41, 2 – “And the other lamb thou shalt offer at even,..according to the meat offering of the morning…for a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto the LORD. [This shall be] a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD: where I will meet you, to speak there unto thee.”

Out of the 24 texts recorded in the Strong’s Concordance under “continual,” or “Tamid,” 17 are of the “continual burnt offering;” 1 is “continual meat offering;” 4 are secular (continual allowance, continual feast, continual diet and continual employment; and 2 are also referring to the Sanctuary service:

Num. 4:7 – “And upon the table of shewbread they shall spread a cloth of blue…and the continual bread shall be thereon.”
2 Chron. 2:4 – “Behold, I build an house to the name of the LORD my God, to dedicate it to Him and to burn before Him sweet incense, and for the continual shewbread, and for the burnt offerings morning and evening.”

In the passages translated “continually,” 14 refer directly to the Sanctuary services; out of 38 miscellaneous, 8 are secular, 18 relate to personal spiritual matters and praising God, and 12 come from a negative standpoint. Of these, none relate directly to the Sanctuary services, although in Isa. 65:3, God expresses His anger against idol worship among His people.
Examples of negative texts are:

Ps. 69:23 – “Let their eyes be darkened…and make their loins continually to shake.”
Ps. 74:23 – “Forget not the voice of thine enemies: the tumult of those that rise up against thee increaseth continually.”
Isa. 51:13 – “Hast feared continually every day because of the fury of the oppressor.”
Isa. 52:5 – “And my name continually every day is blasphemed.”
Isa. 65:3 – “A people that provoked me to anger continually to my face; that sacrificeth in gardens, and burneth incense upon altars of brick.”
Ob. 16 – “For as ye have drunk upon my holy mountain, so shall all the heathen drink continually.”

“Tamid” is translated “perpetual” twice, and “ever” once. In each of these cases they refer directly to the Sanctuary service:

Ex. 30:8 – “And when Aaron lighteth the lamps at even, he shall burn incense upon it, a perpetual incense before the LORD throughout your generations.”
Lev. 6:20 – “This is the offering of Aaron and his sons…for a meat offering perpetual.”
Lev. 6:13 – “The fire shall ever be burning upon the altar; it shall never go out.”

So far in our study of “Tamid,” the evidence seems to overwhelmingly support its common use in the setting of the Sanctuary. Not only is it used 28 times directly concerning the daily or continual burnt offering, but it is also used to denote the table of shewbread 4 times, the seven-branched candlestick 3 times, and the altar of incense once. In 1Chron. 16:6 and 37, “Tamid” is also used to describe the ministry of the priests before the ark in the time of David. In fact, “One section of the Talmud is called, ‘Tamid,’ and it deals with ‘all the regulations for the offering of the regular daily sacrifices.’” Clifford Goldstein, 1844 Made Simple.
But the usage of this word that touches my heart more than any other is found in Exodus 28:29, 30:

“And Aaron shall bear the names of the children of Israel in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart, when he goeth in unto the holy place for a memorial before the LORD continually.
“And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron’s heart, when he goeth in before the LORD: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the LORD continually.”

While the other references which we have mentioned covered the ministry of the priests in the court and first apartment of the Sanctuary, this passage of Scripture specifically points out the special High-Priestly work which would be done on the day of Atonement. What encouragement this should bring to us who bear the vital and important judgment hour message to the world! It tells us that we should not fear the judgment, for our great High Priest is ministering in heaven for us, and He bears each one of us upon His heart. His love for us, as prefigured by the slain lamb on the altar in the court, and then transferred to the Holy Place through Christ’s first apartment work in the heavenly Sanctuary, is now standing for us in the judgment hour ministry of Jesus in the second apartment.

This reality should give us hope, just as it gave to the millions of martyrs who suffered during the 1260 years of papal persecution.
Some do not see the importance of the truth that the “daily” is the ministry of Christ in the heavenly Sanctuary, as foreshadowed for us in the Old Testament symbolism. Personally, I do not see how we can effectively preach the last warning message to the world in the loud cry if we believe that the “daily” which the papacy cast down was paganism, instead of the continual heavenly ministry of Christ for His people.

“For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.” Heb. 10:1.
“For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God,.. made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.” Heb. 7:1-3.
“And it is yet far more evident: for that after the similitude of Melchisedec there ariseth another priest, Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life….
“For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did….
“And they truly were many priests, because they were not suffered to continue by reason of death: But this man, because he continueth ever, hath an unchangeable priesthood.
“Wherefore He is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by Him, seeing He ever liveth to make intercessions for them.
“For such an high priest became us (meets our need - NIV), who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;
“Who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people’s: for this He did once, when He offered up Himself…. who is consecrated for evermore.” Heb. 7:15-28.

Notice Paul’s reasoning that it is Christ’s continual priestly ministry in the heavenly Sanctuary, in contrast with the daily sacrificial system of an earthly priesthood, that brings about perfection in His people. This is the truth that Satan hates the most, and tries to obscure or obliterate in every way he can. This is the truth that was cast down to the ground during the dark ages by the papacy. But does not the teaching of paganism as the “daily” enable Satan to continue to obscure this truth and cast it to the ground by focusing on an earthly ‘continual’ instead of a heavenly one? Would it not please the enemy to deflect Seventh-day Adventists from preaching this vital understanding of Christ in the heavenly Sanctuary just when we need it most?

What would the reformers who identified the papacy as the antichrist because of the substitution of the mass and earthly priests in place of Christ’s heavenly ministry (see footnote) –– what would they say concerning the present interpretation of those who take Uriah Smith’s view of the “daily” being paganism instead of Christ’s ministry?
Oh, let us stand by the waymarks, the great prophetic waymarks as we near the end of earth’s history. This truth has been a bulwark of faith for God’s people since Jesus returned to the right hand of His Father; and teaching it has always brought reproach and persecution:

“Having brought the apostles, they made them appear before the Sanhedrin to be questioned by the high priest. ‘We gave you strict orders not to teach in His name….
“Peter and the other apostles replied: ‘We must obey God rather than men!… God exalted Him to His own right hand as Prince and Savior that He might give repentance and forgiveness of sins to Israel…. “When they heard this, they were furious and wanted to put them to death.” Acts 5:27-33.
“But Stephen, full of the Holy Spirit, looked up to heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God. ‘Look,’ he said, ‘I see heaven open and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God.’
“At this they covered their ears and, yelling at the top of their voices, they…dragged him out of the city and began to stone him.” Acts 7:55-58.

During the long dark ages, Satan seemed about to prevail. But light shining from the open portals of heaven in 1844 brought new insights to the world about the wonderful truth of the heavenly ministry of Christ. God’s judgment-hour message would result in the freeing of His people from papal errors, revealing the man of sin as an instrument of the evil one in his age-old battle to conquer God’s throne and His people. What an important calling we have to lift up Jesus and magnify the meaning of His second apartment cleansing ministry so clearly that when He finally steps out of His intercessory work before His Father, not one soul will be left in ignorance.

The two sides of the great controversy must be exposed. Everyone must be able to make his or her choice freely and intelligently. Then the members of God’s kingdom will be made up of those who are willing to see, understand and cooperate with the completion of the work of Jesus in their hearts.

“As I watched, this horn was waging war against the saints and defeating them, until the Ancient of Days came and pronounced judgment in favor of the saints of the Most High, and the time came when they possessed the kingdom….
“The saints will be handed over to him for a time, times and half a time. But the court will sit, and power will be taken away and completely destroyed forever. Then the sovereignty, power and greatness of heaven will be handed over to the saints, the people of the Most High. His kingdom will be an everlasting kingdom, and all rulers will worship and obey Him.
“This is the end of the matter.” Dan.7:21, 22; 25-28.

“Interest in the meaning of the ‘daily’ (Dan. 8:11-14), or ‘continual,’ began during pre-Reformation days and continued on through Reformation times. This interest developed when the papacy was clearly recognized as the prophesied ‘falling away,’ or mystery of iniquity, and great perverter of the fundamental verities and provisions of salvation––particularly the atoning sacrifice and heavenly priesthood of Christ and the true worship of God. In the 14th century John Wyclif defined the papacy as the ‘abomination’ that defiled the sanctuary, or church, and expressly declared that the papal doctrine of transubstantiation and its attendant ‘heresy about the host’ had taken away the ‘continual.’ With this position Walter Brute, contemporary Lollard scholar, definitely agreed, tying it in with the 1260 and the 1290 year-days.
“Nicolaus von Amsdorf, first Protestant bishop of Naumburg, close associate of Luther, similarly asserted the ‘daily’ to be the ‘undefiled preaching of the gospel,’ which had been nullified and supplanted by the desolating human traditions of the papal apostasy. At the same time Johann Funck, of Nurnberg (first free city to adopt the Reformation views), likewise expounded the ‘daily’ as the ‘true Worship’ of God.” 4 BC 60, 61.